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- ⅔ cup Coconut Oil
- ⅔ cup Olive Oil
- ⅔ cup other Liquid oil, Almond oil, grapeseed, Sunflower or Safflower oil
- ¼ cup lye (also called 100% sodium hydroxide)
- ¾ cup Distilled Water
- Cover your work area with newspaper. Gloves are recommended. Measure your water into a jar. Have a spoon ready. Measure your lye, making sure you have exactly ¼ cup. Slowly pour the lye into the water, stirring as you go. Stand back while you stir to avoid the fumes. When the water starts to clear, let it sit.
- Add the three oils together in a small jar. They should total 470ml or about two cups. Heat in a microwave for about a minute or place the jar of oils in a pan of water to heat. Heat until the temperature is about 120°. Wait for the lye mixture and the oils to cool to between 95° and 105°. This temperature is integral to the texture of the soap, too low and it’ll come together quickly but be coarse and crumbly.
- Pour the oils into a mixing bowl. Slowly add the lye, stirring until it’s all mixed. Stir for 5 minutes until fully combined.Continue to stir until the soap mixture lightens in colour and becomes thick.
- Add your herbs, essential oils or other additions at this point. Stir thoroughly to combine. Pour the mixture into mould(s) and cover with plastic wrap then wrap in a towel. This will keep the residual heat in and start the saponification process. Saponification is the process of the base ingredients becoming soap.
- After 24 hours, if it’s still warm or soft, allow it to sit another 12-24 hours. When it’s cold and firm, turn it out onto a baking rack. If using a loaf pan as your mould, cut into bars at this point. Allow soap to cure for 4 weeks or so.
- When your soap is fully cured, wrap it in wax paper or keep it in an airtight container. Handmade soap creates its own glycerine, which is a humectant, pulling moisture from the air. It should be wrapped to keep it from attracting dust and debris with the moisture.